Attention deficit disorder with or without hyperactivity


Attention deficit disorder – with or without hyperactivity – is a disorder that disrupts learning at school.

There are three manifestations of attentional deficits  :

  • Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), mixed type
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) – predominantly inattentive type
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) – predominantly hyperactive-impulsive

Children with ADD/ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) have difficulty concentrating and performing complex tasks. This attention deficit is frequently accompanied by neurological hyperactivity.


The main symptoms in children are as follows:


  • difficulty staying focused on a task for a long time (fatigability)
  • signs of inattention, “head in the clouds” attitude, difficulty listening when spoken to
  • Frequent carelessness (forgetting deductions in math, forgetting agreements in spelling, etc.)
  • general disorganization (at home and in class)
  • frequent loss and forgetfulness of equipment or personal belongings
  • ease of being distracted from work (sensitivity to interference)
  • difficulty following precise instructions and selecting relevant information
  • poor multitasking skills (listening and note-taking)
  • difficulty getting started and lack of perseverance
  • tendency to get lost, to find their way around space and time


Children ADD/ADHD tend to act or talk before they think. They often lack patience; they don’t read problem statements carefully or listen to instructions until the end, before embarking on the task at hand.


Hyperactive children have great difficulty staying physically still and/or quiet. They have little self-control and do not learn easily from the mistakes made by their hyperactivity.

Hyperactivity is frequently accompanied by an attention deficit. 

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